F. Scott Fitzgerald

Fitzgerald {{circa}} 1921 Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American writer, best known for his novels depicting the flamboyance and excess of the Jazz Age. Although he achieved popular success and fortune during his lifetime, Fitzgerald did not receive much critical acclaim until after his death. He published four novels, four collections of short stories, as well as 164 short stories in magazines during his lifetime. Fitzgerald is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.

Fitzgerald was born into an upper-middle-class family in St. Paul, Minnesota, but was primarily raised in New York. He attended Princeton University, but due to a failed relationship and a preoccupation with writing, he left Princeton in 1917 to join the army. While stationed in Alabama, he fell in love with rich socialite Zelda Sayre. Although she initially rejected him due to his financial situation, Zelda married Fitzgerald after he had published ''This Side of Paradise'' (1920).

In the 1920s, Fitzgerald frequented Europe, where his writing was influenced by the modernist writers and artists of the "Lost Generation" expatriate community. His second novel, ''The Beautiful and Damned'' (1922), propelled him into the New York City elite. To maintain his lifestyle during this time, he also wrote several stories for magazines. His third novel, ''The Great Gatsby'' (1925), was inspired by his rise to fame and relationship with Zelda. Although it received mixed reviews, ''The Great Gatsby'' is now widely praised, with some even labeling it the "Great American Novel". While Zelda was placed at a mental institute for her schizophrenia, Fitzgerald completed his final novel, ''Tender Is the Night'' (1934).

Faced with financial difficulties due to the declining popularity of his works, Fitzgerald began working in Hollywood, writing and revising screenplays. After a long struggle with alcoholism, he died in 1940, at the age of 44. A fifth, unfinished novel, ''The Last Tycoon'' (1941), was completed by Edmund Wilson and published after Fitzgerald's death.
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